Champagne and History

It was once the champagne ...

The beginnings of a great wine

The first vines of the Champagne region dates back to Roman times. The region has produced first normal wine.
At the time of Henry IV, the wines were produced in the Champagne region in Epernay and took the name "champagne".
Like all wines, champagne was then stored in barrels.

Thank you to the English

An influential family in Paris made its promotion to the 17th century to the royal courts of France and England. The many waterways of the Champagne region will facilitate the transport of wine barrels to cities and other regions of France.
The wine was gradually changed to a white wine (a wine of very light color from red grapes). The region's climate is often cold, the grapes were harvested before full maturity, limiting its fermentation.
But he badly preserved in barrels.
The winemakers had the idea to put it in bottles in the 1660s. The wine had a natural tendency to become sparkling which particulary pleased the English people.
But the barrels were struggling to resist the pressure of the wine, continuing its fermentation in barrels, ended by the blow.
The bottles were blocked by a plug of wood covered with resin, thereby blocking any possibility of exit gas, but altered the taste of the drink.

A monk named Dom Perignon

flute de champagneA Benedictine monk of the Abbey of Hauvilliers, Dom Perignon, very good winemaker, imported from Limoux in 1668 a new method for assembling the different grapes used in the composition of champagne.
In charge of the cellar of the abbey, he made the assembly of raw and true science of grape, who contributed greatly to the growing reputation of the champagne.
At that time, the champagne bottles were plugged with a wooden plug covered with wax, which prevented the gas pressure to leave and gave them tend to explode under the pressure of sparkling wine.
Dom Perignon was the idea of creating cork firmly tied to the neck of the bottle.


sacre de Louis XIVThe wine of Kings became the king of wines

In the 17th century, champagne was called the wine of the coronation at the time ot the coming coronation of King Louis XIV.
In the 18th century, champagne was exported by travelers such as Philippe Clicquot or Moet Claude, who made the famous Champagne Veuve Cliquot ® and Champagne Moët et Chandon ®.
Today, more than 250 champagne houses are manufacturing and selling champagne around the world.
These companies are buying wine for winemakers such as Champagne Vigreux-Frere and often perform their assembly into cooperatives and later recovered for the bottling and labeling.